Levomekol is a combined preparation for external use with antibacterial and regenerating action.
It consists of chloramphenicol and methyluracil. Due to the joint action of these components, an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect develops at the site of application of the ointment. It is used directly at the site of the pathological process (usually in wounds); can be used in abdominal surgery by injecting the drug through the drainage tubes.
The drug is widely used in purulent surgery in the treatment of inflammatory and infectious processes.
The combined drug for local use, has anti-inflammatory (dehydrating) and antimicrobial action.
Pharmacy sales terms
It is released without a prescription.
How much does Levomekol ointment cost? The average price in pharmacies is 140 rubles.
Release form and composition
Levomekol is produced in the form of ointment for external use. One gram of the drug accounts for 7.5 mg of chloramphenicol and 40 mg of methyluracil. The ointment has a thick consistency and a light yellow tint. One tube contains 40 mg of the drug.
- The tool is composed of chloramphenicol and methyluracil. 1 g contains components in an amount of 0.0075 g and 0.04 g (respectively). Ointment is made on the basis of polyethylene oxide.
What helps? Levomekol is an external combined agent that has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and regenerating effects. Due to the content of chloramphenicol, the drug has an antimicrobial effect. The ointment is effective against resistant Gram-negative microbes (staphylococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E. coli).
Methyluracil, capable of penetrating deep into tissues, has the regenerating effect in order to activate the synthesis of new cells and metabolic processes at the cellular level. This leads to rapid healing of wounds, tissue repair. Also, the substance has anti-edematous activity - is able to eliminate excess fluid in the tissues.
Methyluracil can activate the synthesis of interferon with antiviral activity. Therefore, Levomekol has a pronounced immunostimulating effect. The anti-inflammatory effect of the ointment is due to the combination of antibacterial and anti-edema effects.
The active ingredients of the ointment are able to penetrate into the deep layers of the dermis without damaging the cell membranes. At the same time, the presence of pus in the wound or a large accumulation of dead cells will not reduce the effectiveness of Levomekol.
Indications for use
Thanks to chloramphenicol, which is part of the composition, the ointment has a powerful antimicrobial effect, destroying many varieties of bacteria. Another effective component of the drug is methyluracil, which stimulates tissue regeneration and accelerates wound healing.
What is Levomekol ointment prescribed for? The indications for use are as follows:
- burns 2, 3 degrees;
- postpartum sutures;
- ear inflammation;
- purulent wounds;
- bedsores, trophic ulcers;
- skin rashes (acne, acne);
- inflammatory processes of the oral cavity;
- postoperative complications.
The drug treats ulcers that fester during herpes, is used for balanopostitis, cystitis, purulent inflammations of the external part of the auditory canal, lymphadenitis, in the postpartum period (if there are cracks and tears). The tool has proven its effectiveness in eliminating inflammation in the oral cavity in dentistry. Levomekol is used to reduce tissue swelling and relieve painful implantation and removal of teeth.
When using Levomekol, it is worthwhile to refuse to use other similar ointments and medicines. Make sure that the tool does not fall into the eyes or esophagus. In case of contact, flush eyes with plenty of running water.
If the ointment gets into the stomach, it should be immediately washed with water, with the addition of a few tablets of activated charcoal.
Use during pregnancy and lactation
The use of ointment during pregnancy and lactation is possible in cases where, according to the doctor, a positive effect on the mother outweighs the risks to the fetus / child.
For lactating women, the drug can be recommended for treating nipple cracks.
Dosage and method of use
The instructions for use indicate: Levomekol ointment is used externally, carefully filling all necrotic areas of purulent wounds. It is advisable to use sterile gauze napkins soaked in ointment.
To fill difficult-to-reach purulent cavities, the drug can be administered using a syringe through a catheter or a drainage tube, preheating the ointment to a temperature of 35-36 ° C.
The dressing should be changed 1 time per day during the period necessary for the absolute cessation of the purulent-necrotic process.
The considered drug belongs to the group of maloreaktogennyh funds. As a result, side effects are present only nominally. Active ingredients provoke only local allergic manifestations and reactions:
- dermatitis at the site of application;
- local edema.
Some patients develop a feeling of general weakness. The symptoms listed above are a weighty argument to stop using Levomekol. When using vaginal tampons, candidiasis can occur.
Overdose was not observed.
Before you start using Levomekol ointment, you should carefully read the instructions for the drug.
It is important to use the drug in an outpatient or inpatient treatment in a medical institution, especially if the administration of an ointment into the purulent cavity is required under aseptic conditions to prevent the entry of a bacterial infection.
Do not use Levomecol simultaneously with other ointments of similar action: in this case, the effectiveness of both drugs will be reduced. Does not interact with the means for oral administration, as it passes the circulatory system.
We picked up some reviews of people who used Levomekol ointment:
- Olga I know that Levomekol is often used in gynecology. I tried the remedy on myself 10 years ago, when after childbirth the seams were separated. Ointment perfectly heals, as if pulling all the sores. Reviews of other women will confirm my words. Several times used the ointment after opening the boils in a teenage son. The wounds healed quickly, without complications.
- Tatyana. Very satisfied with the use of Levomekol ointment. For several years he suffered from hemorrhoids. As prescribed by the doctor, she used an ointment that relieved inflammation and killed pathogens.
- Anatoly. A few months ago, I got a hand burn. The wound began to fester. With the help of Levomekol ointment, in a short time it was possible not only to clean the wound from pus, but to substantially heal it.
- Sasha. An ointment with levomekolom was applied to me by a surgeon to my maturing boil, plus antibiotics (augmentin), plus brewer's yeast. And I didn’t have to open the purulent rod itself, it came out, then the dressings went and the wound cleared. So putting on ulcers helps soften the skin over pus and breaks through itself, without the aid of a scalpel.
Levomekol has preparations - synonyms, that is, drugs that contain the same chemical compounds as active ingredients. The following drugs are synonymous with Levomekol:
- Ointment Levometil, used externally;
- Ointment Netran, used externally.
In addition to synonyms, Levomekol ointment has analogues - drugs that have a similar effect and therapeutic effects, but contain other substances as active ingredients. Analogs of the ointment Levomekol are the following drugs:
- Salicylic-zinc paste with chloramphenicol, applied externally.
- Ointment Levosin, external.
- Ointment Lingezin, external.
- Ointment Protegenin, external.
- Ointment Streptonitol, external.
- Ointment Fastin 1, external.
- Fugentin drops, used for instillation into the nasal passages and ears.
Before using analogues consult your doctor.
What is better - Levomekol or Vishnevsky ointment?
The drugs have a completely different principle of action. Vishnevsky ointment is effective in the regeneration phase of the wound process and cannot be used if the patient has purulent and highly inflamed wounds.
Despite the fact that Vishnevsky ointment contains an antiseptic in its composition, its concentration is not enough to provide a full bactericidal effect. And tar and castor oil not only do not eliminate inflammation, but also aggravate the situation by stimulating blood circulation in the affected area.
Storage conditions and shelf life
The shelf life of Levomekol ointment is 3.5 years from the date of manufacture. The drug should be stored at a temperature not higher than + 30º C out of the reach of children.