One of the oldest and classic venereal diseases is syphilis, transmitted through sexual contact. This disease does not choose the gender, it is equally affected by both women and men (most often at reproductive age).
Everyone has heard about him, everyone is afraid of him. This disease is characterized by damage to the skin, mucous membranes, it affects and disables the cardiovascular system, stomach and liver, nervous system and bone and joint.
The causative agent of the disease is the microorganism Pale Treponema, which can not exist in the external environment for more than 3 minutes, and therefore enters the human body. The microbe is transmitted from an infected partner to a healthy one through close (sexual) contact.
How can you get infected?
The causative agent of this disease is a microorganism called pale treponema. He is mobile, he is comfortable to be in humans. But outside, due to temperature changes, this microbe dies. Therefore, in most cases, a woman becomes sexually infected with syphilis during sexual contact with a patient with syphilis.
But if a man has elements of primary syphilis located on the lips or in the mouth, it is possible infection and through a kiss - this is how syphilis can appear in girls. A household route of infection is not excluded for women in close contact with the sick - through dishes, linens, personal hygiene items, and so on.
After infection at the site of introduction of the causative agent of infection (pale treponema) after 3-4 weeks (the incubation period can last from 5 days to six months), a solid chancre appears.
Symptoms of syphilis in women
In women, the first signs of syphilis (see photo) appear 2-4 weeks after infection. Clinical manifestations are divided into 3 periods: primary, secondary and tertiary syphilis. Ulcers (hard chancre) are formed in the weaker sex of the vaginal mucosa, labia. But, like in men, they can appear on other parts of the body. The size of the formation varies from small (1-3 mm) to giant (2 cm).
The manifestations of syphilis in women of the primary form can also include an increase in lymph nodes, which are located next to the affected area. After the woman can feel a slight indisposition. In this case, the discharge in syphilis becomes thick, can cause itching and burning, wear a pussy consistency and have an unpleasant odor, which is a product of the activity of the pathogenic microbe.
Then the disease moves to the next stage, which is considered to be secondary. During this period, syphilis is expressed by the appearance of a pale rash all over the body, including on the palms and soles. At the same time, the patient may have a headache, loss of appetite, malaise, fever up to 38 °, pain in the bones, insomnia. In addition, hair, eyelashes and eyebrows may fall out, which is quite unpleasant for a woman, and also warts can appear on the genitals and in the anus.
In addition, in the second stage of syphilis development (see photo), papules may appear in the oral cavity and on the tongue, in the region of the vocal cords, as a result of which syphilitic hoarseness may occur. Usually after two and a half months, even if left untreated, the rash completely disappears, and secondary hidden syphilis begins. After a certain period of time, the disease relapses.
With tertiary syphilis, which occurs extremely rarely, the internal organs and systems are damaged, the cartilage deforms and develops into tumors - gumma. Patients often have a sore nose. The body is covered with tubercles - sifilida. Over time, the disease ends in death.
Syphilis is especially dangerous during pregnancy. An infected woman can give birth to a dead child, or carry a baby with serious pathologies in development, sometimes incompatible with life.
Timely treatment will help to avoid infection of the baby and a woman who was sick, will be able to give birth to a healthy child. Therefore, it is very important to conduct regular thorough diagnostics and constantly monitor the state of your health.
Treatment of syphilis in women
If you experience symptoms of syphilis, you cannot treat yourself. Incorrectly chosen drugs will not bring any effect, but they can make the course of the disease secretive, and this will further complicate the diagnosis and make healing extremely difficult.
The treatment regimen depends on the type of disease:
- with damage to the nervous system (neurosyphilis),
- with hidden flow (latent form).
Most of the drugs prescribed for the treatment of syphilis are penicillin antibiotics, as well as its derivatives. Unlike other infections, pale treponema has not lost its sensitivity to this group of antibacterial drugs, although for many years in the fight against it they have been using penicillin drugs.
Remember that if you do not reveal the early manifestations of syphilis, and do not start therapy, the infection affects the internal organs of the woman, the structure of the musculoskeletal system and the nervous system. This leads to the development of complications that are sometimes incompatible with life. Therefore, knowledge of the early signs of this disease can save a person’s life, since in the early stages syphilis responds well to treatment with antibiotics.