Birthmark - pigmented congenital or acquired formation on the skin in the form of a spot or pea. For scientific medical designation, the term "nevus" is used, defining the appearance of moles or age spots after birth.
The presence of small neoplasms is not dangerous in terms of malignant degeneration, which cannot be said about medium and gigantic moles that can eventually transform into a tumor, and this risk is quite large (from 10 to 50%).
In this regard, the owners of large nevi can be advised to be observed by a dermatologist or oncologist. Such moles need protection from exposure to ultraviolet rays. The doctor may advise you to remove the birthmark on the face or other part of the body if it is congenital and large in size.
What moles can be dangerous?
For moles are characterized by the correct shape, uniform color, clarity of boundaries, small size. The appearance of moles can be varied. Among the "suspicious" moles should be noted:
- birthmarks that appeared in adulthood;
- moles that change over time;
- birthmarks with a diameter of more than 1 cm.
In the case of any negative factors, moles can develop into malignant tumors, which can later lead to skin cancer. Signs of negative violations can be identified with the naked eye, a mole can:
- change your texture;
- may lose its clear outlines (become blurred);
- redness may appear around a dangerous mole;
- it can cause discomfort and discomfort;
- increase in width or height (or at the same time in all respects);
- crust over and excrete lymphatic fluid;
- such a mole may itch, peel off, swell or bleed;
- dramatically change its color (darken or lighten up, and this can happen unevenly and not over the entire surface).
In no case should such changes be ignored, since this can lead to irreversible deplorable consequences.
Removing moles on face and body
Before removing any nevus, you should consult a qualified dermatologist. Only he will be able to conduct a proper examination, and if necessary, make a scraping (biopsy) of the formation and conduct a histological study for its malignancy.
After the diagnosis, the surgeon will be able to give specific recommendations on the most appropriate method for removing a particular mole.
What method of removal of moles to choose?
Certain characteristics have a direct impact on the choice of the method of eliminating formations:
- the size;
- structure (convex / flat);
- benign or malignant form;
- location (face, hard-to-reach areas on the body, etc.).
There are several basic methods for solving the problem with moles. Which one to choose is up to the doctor only. Some nevi will be removed in one way, some only in another.
However, the most popular are:
- laser removal;
- surgical excision;
- radio wave removal;
- cryodestruction - freezing with liquid nitrogen;
- electrocautery - using high frequency current.
Let's talk about each method a little more, because before you remove a mole, it will be useful to learn about the advantages and disadvantages of each procedure.
Radio wave removal
Radio wave surgery is also the newest method of getting rid of moles. Otherwise, the apparatus ("Surgitron") by which the neoplasms are removed is called a radio knife.
This method of removing moles is also the least traumatic and attractive because it does not provoke postoperative pain. Moles are removed with the help of heat, which is released when the tissues resist directional radio waves.
The advantages of this method can be considered as the speed of the operation, which takes place practically without blood in absolutely sterile conditions, as well as the complete absence of scar tissue at the site of removal and a rapid healing period. Price around 2 500 rubles.
This is a way to remove moles using electric current on almost any part of the body. Its essence lies in the fact that the current impulse is burning the mole from the surface of the skin. The procedure is performed by local anesthesia, and "protective" crusts from the wounds disappear in seven days.
The advantages of this method:
- removal of moles in 1 session;
- suitable for all types of moles and for all skin areas;
The disadvantage is that after removing moles in this way, an inconspicuous scar may remain. Price around 1 500 rubles.
To date, the surgical method of removing moles has lost its popularity due to trauma. However, it also has certain advantages:
- excellent result without recurrence of the pathology (if properly performed);
- the possibility of transferring material for histological analysis;
- lack of contraindications;
- surgery is performed with a small amount of healthy tissue, which reduces the risk of secondary
- elements on the skin;
According to oncological standards, the removed skin area, taking into account its location, should be no more than 3-5 centimeters. If the operation should be performed on the face, then the skin area should be of minimal size.
The surgical method is associated with a number of problems, since the result depends on the correctness of the examination, as well as the qualifications of the plastic surgeon. At the same time, depending on the situation, traces of the performed operation may remain, which is highly undesirable on open skin areas. However, there are cases when the removal of moles can be carried out exclusively using this method. Average price from 1 400 to 4 000 rubles.
Laser removal of moles
The method implies a high-precision effect on the necessary skin tissue by a directed laser beam. This popular method is considered to be the best today for a number of criteria:
- laser removal is completely painless due to local anesthesia;
- removal takes about five minutes;
- control of the beam diameter and depth of its impact guarantees high accuracy of the operation;
- layer-by-layer removal of pigment or damaged tissue, without affecting the skin tissue near the nevus,
- so that there is no open wound and bleeding and there are almost no scars or scars;
- recovery within one, maximum two weeks.
After laser removal of a nevus until the site of the operation is completely healed (about two weeks), it should not be exposed to UV rays, increased heat exposure in the sauna or bath, to go to the pool or to rub the wound. Price around 2 300 rubles.
Cosmetic procedure is cryodestruction. Her method is to use liquid nitrogen at a very low temperature (up to minutes 180 degrees Celsius). Influencing the fabric, nitrogen destroys it and causes the process of rejection. In this case, the recovery period is quite fast. The cryodestruction of moles has a lot of positive effects:
- hemostatic effect;
- antiseptic effect;
- cosmetic effect;
- immunostimulating effect;
- analgesic effect.
The main advantage of this operation is that after the destruction, the dead tissue is not removed, they serve as a kind of "bandage", thereby protecting the wound from infections. Healing is absolutely painless. First, a crust will appear at the site of impact. Over time, new code grows under it. Additional treatment of the wound does not require. Least of all, this method is suitable for the face, because in this area a repeated procedure is often required, after which the skin heals longer.
The most significant drawback of the method is that it does not always allow you to control the depth that nitrogen acts on. Therefore, there is a very high probability of frostbite of the nearest tissues, and this in turn can cause scarring. There may still be such that the object will not be completely eliminated, but it will be necessary to repeat the procedure. The method of cryodestruction may be effective, and may not give the desired result. To use it or not - you decide. Price around 1,400 rubles.
Removal of moles on the face: photo before and after
In the photo you can see what a person looks like before removing moles on his face, and after carrying out the corresponding procedure.
What is dangerous to remove nevi?
A dermato-oncologist or an oncologist should carry out a nevus surgery, but in no case should she be a cosmetologist, since the doctor should have adequate training and experience in removing benign and malignant tumors.
Everything that is removed and subject to analysis should be sent for histological examination, the response of which is expected, as a rule, several days. And only after the answer and a good result (absence of cancer cells in the tissues), one can be sure that nothing threatens health.